3.1. Procedure – Compiling syslog-ng from source

Purpose: 

To compile syslog-ng Open Source Edition (OSE) from the source code, complete the following steps. Alternatively, you can use precompiled binary packages on several platforms. For a list of third-party packages available for various Linux, UNIX, and other platforms, see the syslog-ng OSE third-party binaries page.

Steps: 

  1. Download the latest version of syslog-ng OSE from GitHub. The source code is available as a tar.gz archive file.

  2. Install the following packages that are required to compile syslog-ng. These packages are available for most UNIX/Linux systems. Alternatively, you can also download the sources and compile them.

    • A version of the gcc C compiler that properly supports Thread Local Storage (TLS), for example, version 4.5.

    • The GNU flex lexical analyser generator, available here.

    • The bison parser generator, available here.

    • The development files of the glib library, available here.

    • The development files of the Autoconf Archive package, available here.

    • The syslog-ng OSE application now uses PCRE-type regular expressions by default. It requires the libpcre library package, available here.

    • If you want to use the Java-based modules of syslog-ng OSE (for example, the Elasticsearch, HDFS, or Kafka destinations), you must compile syslog-ng OSE with Java support.

      • Download and install the Java Runtime Environment (JRE), 1.7 (or newer). You can use OpenJDK or Oracle JDK, other implementations are not tested.

      • Install gradle version 2.2.1 or newer.

      • Set LD_LIBRARY_PATH to include the libjvm.so file, for example:LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-amd64/jre/lib/amd64/server:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

        Note that many platforms have a simplified links for Java libraries. Use the simplified path if available. If you use a startup script to start syslog-ng OSE set LD_LIBRARY_PATH in the script as well.

      • If you are behind an HTTP proxy, create a gradle.properties under the modules/java-modules/ directory. Set the proxy parameters in the file. For details, see The Gradle User Guide.

  3. If you want to post log messages as HTTP requests using the http() destination, install the development files of the libcurl library. This library is not needed if you use the --disable-http compile option. Alternatively, you can use a Java-based implementation of the HTTP destination.

  4. If you want to use the spoof-source function of syslog-ng, install the development files of the libnet library, available here.

  5. If you want to send e-mails using the smtp() destination, install the development files of the libesmtp library. This library is not needed if you use the --disable-smtp compile option.

  6. If you want to use the /etc/hosts.deny and /etc/hosts.allow for TCP access, install the development files of the libwrap (also called TCP-wrappers) library, available here.

  7. Enter the new directory and issue the following commands. (If the ./configure file does not exist, for example, because you cloned the repository from GitHub instead of using a release tarball, execute the ./autogen.sh command.)

    $ ./configure
    $ make
    $ make install
  8. Uncompress the syslog-ng archive using the

    tar xvfz syslog-ng-x.xx.tar.gz

    or the

    unzip -c syslog-ng-x.xx.tar.gz | tar xvf -

    command. A new directory containing the source code of syslog-ng will be created.

  9. Enter the new directory and issue the following commands:

    $ ./configure
    $ make
    $ make install

    These commands will build syslog-ng using its default options.

    Note
    • On Solaris, use gmake (GNU make) instead of make.

    • To build syslog-ng OSE with less verbose output, use the make V=0 command. This results in shorter, less verbose output, making warnings and other anomalies easier to notice. Note that silent-rules support is only available in recent automake versions.

  10. If needed, use the following options to change how syslog-ng is compiled using the following command syntax:

    $ ./configure --compile-time-option-name
    Note

    You can also use --disable options, to explicitly disable a feature and override autodetection. For example, to disable the TCP-wrapper support, use the --disable-tcp-wrapper option. For the list of available compiling options, see Section 3.2, Compiling options of syslog-ng OSE.

    Warning

    The default linking mode of syslog-ng is dynamic. This means that syslog-ng might not be able to start up if the /usr directory is on NFS. On platforms where syslog-ng is used as a system logger, the --enable-mixed-linking is preferred.